ABOUT

Dinosaur Discovery Museum

Kenosha, Wisconsin

THE CICADA

 

A book by Ross E. Hutchins

Illustrated by Arvis L. Stewart

Published: 1971

Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc.

  • ISBN-10: 0201031027

  • ISBN-13: 978-0201031027

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My Story & Obsession

 

WHY CICADAS DO YOU ASK?

 

Answer: I've been infatuated with the cicada since I was a young boy. I've always remembered the long hot summers where their songs continued at the height of the day despite the high temperatures. My first recollection of the cicada was at approximately the age of 5 when I discovered an empty shell on the side of my neighbor's tree. When I plucked the shell from the trunk, it crumbled into dust. I was puzzled at the time.

 

In second grade, my school teacher gave us a class project late in September to go out and gather insects for show and tell. One of the insects listed was the cicada. I was more into art and line drawings than hunting for bugs at this age. We had a small school library where I noticed some excellent line drawings in a book entitled "The Cicada;" the author; Ross E. Hutchins. I took the book out mainly for the pictures and since it was easy reading... I read it! From that point on, I just had to see a cicada and thus, my obsession BEGINS........

 

Late in October the same year, I found a dead Neotibicen clinging to a leaf that had fallen to the sidewalk. Excited, I tried to pick it up and the cicada's body fell into pieces. I was very disappointed and had to wait until the following summer before I finally was able to catch a living specimen.

 

It was late July the following year when the cicadas began to sing again. I was very excited and eager to hunt. I would climb into my neighbor's trees where the cicadas were singing and I would wait. I watched very patiently while the male cicada chirped without giving me much notice. The male cicada would strike a few notes and move a little. The cicada would then strike a few more notes and move a little more. The cicada inched closer and closer very slowly until it was finally in my range. Then POW! I caught the male with my bare hand and boy, the cicada didn't like it one bit! The cicada gave off a loud nonstop screeching sound that attracted the attention of my neighbors. I climbed down from the tree with my prize and took it to show my mother. I was a very happy young lad. I later let the cicada go and the hunt for more continued the rest of that summer and every summer thereafter.

 

I would catch many more with my bare hands by simply climbing the trees and waiting. Every summer, the cicadas would come and I would be watching. It would be a long time before I finally got to see an actual 17 year Magicicada. But the Neotibicens held me over until then... Everyone has their humble beginnings. This is my story and my destiny!

 

 

 

ABOUT ME:

 

My full name is Lester Wayne Daniels.... And no, I'm not an entomologist, biologist, or a conservationist (I probably should be). I'm a full time police officer with a fetish for insects and nature. I've been tracking these insects for many years since my childhood and 40 years later, my same enthusiasm still remains. I enjoy outdoor nature photography as well as contact sports.  I also enjoy the internet, paleontology, action and horror movies, and collecting dinosaur and Japanese Godzilla toys.

 

Another collection which is displayed all over my walls (that I call my "Wall of Fame") is my different mounted cicada species from all over the world. The majority of my cicada collection came from Adam Fleishman of "Wings and Things" with many thanks for his assistance.

 

My hometown is originally Sandusky, Ohio which is located between Toledo and Cleveland and is commonly referred to as "Cedar Point," Ohio. I moved to Fremont in 1998 as a career choice and it wasn't until later that summer I realized, this town has a good population of Neotibicens!  Fremont has many old, undisturbed trees, historical points of interest, and many pine trees located in the city's south side.  

 

If there are other cicada enthusiasts out there, I would love to hear from you! Please feel free to e-mail me with any questions and concerns OR you can e-mail me to share cicada-related stories!  

 

EDITOR'S NOTE: No cicadas were injured or destroyed for the construction of this web page!

 

CREDITS: I would like to thank my wife and family - for tolerating my insect fetishes; my mother - for raising me abnormal;  Dan "Century" Mozgai of Cicada Mania - the best site on the web; Adam Fleishman - for all of the great cicada mounts; Gene Kritsky - for simply being a hell of a great guy; John Cooley - for being kind and informative as always; Chris Simon - for the tips on great locations;  James P. Key & Max S. Moulds - for giving me some great bugs; Roy Troutman - for putting together some excellent sound recordings and for being a true cicada enthusiast; and last but not least... to the cicadas for simply being themselves!!!

 

REFERENCES & RECOMMENDED READING:

 

Alexander, R. D., and T. E. Moore. 1962. The evolutionary relationships of 17-year and 13-year cicadas, and three new species (Homoptera, Cicadidae, Magicicada). Univ. of Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. 121: 1-59.

 

Bulmer, M. G. 1977. Periodical insects. Am. Nat. 111: 1099-1117

 

Dybas, H. S., and D. D. Davis. 1962. A population census of seventeen-year periodical cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada). Ecology 43: 432-444.

 

Dybas, H. S., and M. Lloyd. 1962. Isolation by habitat in two synchronized species of periodical cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada). Ecology 43: 444-459.

 

Eaton, E. and K. Kaufman.  2007.  Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America.  Houghton Mifflin Co.  392pp.

 

Elliott, L. and W. Hershberger.  2007.  The Songs of Insects. Houghton MIfflin Co.  228 pp.

 

Heath, J. E. 1968. Thermal synchronization of emergence in periodical "17-year" cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae: Magicicada). Am. Midl. Nat. 80: 440-447.

 

Hill, K. B. R; D. C. Marshall, M. S. Moulds & C. Simon.  2015. Molecular phylogenetics, diversification, and systematics of Tibicen Latreille 1825 and allied cicadas of the tribe Cryptotympanini, with three new genera and emphasis on species from the USA and Canada (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadidae) Zootaxa 3985 (2): 219–251.

 

Hutchins, Ross E. 1971. The Cicada.  Addison-Wesley.  48 pp.

 

Karban, R. 1984. Opposite density effects of nymphal and adult mortality for periodical cicadas (Magicicada spp.). Ecology 65: 1656-1661.

 

Kritsky, G. 1999. In Ohio's Backyard: Periodical Cicadas.  Ohio Biological Survey: Backyard Series No. 2;

83 pp.

 

Kritsky, G. 2004. Periodical Cicadas: The Plague and the Puzzle. Indiana Academy of Science. 147 pp.

 

Lloyd, M. 1987. A successful rearing of 13-year periodical cicadas beyond their present range and beyond that of 17-year cicadas. Am. Midl. Nat. 117: 362-368.

 

Marlatt, C. L. 1898. The Periodical Cicada. An account of Cicada septendecim, its natural enemies and the mean of preventing its injury. USDA Div. Entomol. Bull. 14 (New Series). Washington: Government Printing Office. 148 pp.

 

Marlatt, C. L. 1907. The periodical cicada. U.S.D.A. Bur. Entomol. Bull. 71: 1-181.

 

Marshall, D. C., J. R. Cooley, R. D. Alexander, and T. E. Moore. 1996. New records of Michigan Cicadidae (Homoptera), with notes on the use of songs to monitor range changes. GREAT LAKES ENTOMOLOGIST 29: 165-169.

 

Moulds, M. S. 1990. Australian cicadas. Kensington, NSW, Australia: NSWU Press. 217 pp.

 

Myers, J. G. 1929. Insect singers; a natural history of the cicadas. London, G. Routledge and Sons, limited. 304 p

 

Rodenhouse, N. L., P. J. Bohlen, and G. W. Barrett. 1997. Effects of woodland shape on the spatial distribution and density of 17-year periodical cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Am. Midl. Nat. 137: 124-135.

 

Riley, C. V. 1885. The periodical cicada. An account of Cicada septendecim and its tredecim race, with a chronology of all broods known. USDA Div. of Entomol. Bull. 8: 1-46, 2nd ed.

 

Sanborn, A.F. Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). 2013.  With contributions to the bibliography by Martin H. Villet. Elsevier. Inc., Academic Press, San Diego. ISBN 978-0-12-416647-9. 1001pp.

 

Sanborn, A.F., and M.S. Heath. 2013. Catalogue of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) of continental North America North of Mexico. Thomas Say Monographs of the Entomological Society of America. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD. 227 pp.

 

Sanborn, A. F. and P. K. Phillips. 2013.  Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico.  Diversity 5, 166-239.

 

Shian, D. 2008. Cicada: Exotic Views.  Hebei Fine Arts Publishing House. 87 pp.

 

Simon, C., R. Karban, and M. Lloyd. 1981. Patchiness, density, and aggregative behavior in sympatric allochronic populations of 17-year cicadas. Ecology 62: 1525-1535.

 

Snodgrass, R. E. 1921. The seventeen year locust. Smithson. Inst. Annu. Rep. for 1919, pp. 381-409. Publ. 2607. Gov. Print. Off., Wash. D.C.

 

Soper, R., A. J. Delyzer, and L. F. R. Smith. 1976. The genus Massospora entomopathogenic for cicadas. Part II. Biology of Massospora levispora and its host Okanagana rimosa, with notes on Massospora cicadina on the periodical cicadas. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 69: 89-95.

 

White, J. 1980. Resource partitioning by ovipositing cicadas. Am. Nat. 115: 1-28.

 

White, J., and M. Lloyd. 1975. Growth rates of 17- and 13-year periodical cicadas. Am. Midl. Nat. 94: 127-143.

 

White, J., and M. Lloyd. 1979. 17-year cicadas emerging after 18 years: a new brood? Evolution 33: 1193-1199.

 

White, J., and M. Lloyd. 1981. On the stainability and mortality of periodical cicada eggs. Am. Midl. Nat. 106: 219-228.

 

White, J., M. Lloyd, and J. H. Zar. 1979. Faulty eclosion in crowded suburban periodical cicadas: Populations out of control. Ecology 60: 305-315.

 

Williams, K. S., and C. Simon. 1995. The ecology, behavior, and evolution of periodical cicadas. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 40: 269-295

 

Williams, K. S., K. G. Smith, and F. M. Stephen. 1993. Emergence of 13-yr periodical cicadas (Cicadidae: Magicicada): phenology, mortality, and predator satiation. Ecology 74: 1143-1152.


 

Welcome to the GREAT LAKES CICADA PAGE!

 

(Background photo: Magicicada septendecim (Brood V)

Mohican State Park, Ashland County, Ohio  06/99)

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THE CICADA

Author: Ross E. Hutchins Illustrated by Arvis L. Stewart Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc. 1971 ISBN-10: 0201031027 ISBN-13: 978-0201031027